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The development theories of Piaget, Bruner and Vygotsky Child development has been an area of study that has attracted an enormous amount of interest and debate in early childhood education. Jean Piaget developed the theory of cognitive development and has possibly been one of the most influential figures within this area.


The work of Lev Vygotsky and Jerome Bruner has been an issue of debate in connection with the work carried out by Piaget but he has influenced education in many ways. His theories and studies show that knowledge is acquired by active exploration and many of his theories are still being used within the education system today.Bruner stated that the enactive mode of learning takes place by manipulation of objects and things. The iconic mode objects are represented by visual images.


A major difference between the theory of Piaget and Bruner is that whilst Piaget’s fourth stage ends at the end of childhood, Bruner’s theory states that whilst children pass through all three of his stages during childhood, the adult continues to use these three modes throughout life.


Piaget Bruner and Vygotsky all showed that a child’s learning and understanding is influenced by the environment, society and culture, and individual abilities can be traced within the Zone of Proximal Development, but there are certain stages of development that all children, either with or without the assistance of adults will pass through. Piaget, Vygotsky and Bruner have all produced theories which still influence the way children are raised in society today and whilst they have many contrasting ideas, there are also similarities in their work

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