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There are many different educational philosophies throughout the world, all of which are designed to promote academic and social growth in children. Among the most well-known of these philosophies are the Humboldt, Froebel, the Montessori, Piaget which are similar in the approaches as they all strive to educate the “whole child” and believe that children should be responsible for their own learning to varying degrees.

Wilhelm von Humboldt (1767-1835) was a philosopher, educationalist and linguist who made a profound impact on German education, which then had a roll-on effect around the world. He is best known for founding the Berlin University (1810).Humboldt’s philosophy of education and his reform and reinvention of education (he was the Prussian Minister of Education which gave him the rare opportunity for a philosopher or implementing his philosophies) radically transformed tertiary education – first in Germany, then subsequently in other european and western countries impressed with his work .

Two comprehensive philosophies which von Humboldt incorporated into his university made a massive impact on education around the world: his belief in committing universities to focus on scholarly learning as a dynamic process of discovery and that education should be about the development of the individual rather than merely an employment training-ground, that result in the concept of the unity of teaching and individual research.

Modern kindergarten owes its beginnings to the German educator Friedrich Froebel, he created a program based on principles of early childhood specialists which became the foundation for kindergartens as well as several educational philosophies which are the basis of many preschool and early education methods today.Froebel education stresses that parents are the first educators for children, and that there should be close links between home and school. The main goal of a Froebel education is to teach the whole child in all developmental areas: socially, academically, emotionally, physically and spiritually.

The Montessori Method, which is popular today in many places around the world, was developed by Maria Montessori in 1897 in Italy,they are based on the belief that children are natural eager learners who can create meaning in a carefully prepared and supportive environment, it is a child-centered one that operates on several defining principles. The goal of a Montessori classroom is to develop the whole child, which includes physical, social, emotional and cognitive abilities.

JEAN PIAGET proposed an idea that helped revolutionize how we think about child development, he proposed one of the most influential theories of cognitive development,which seeks to describe and explain the development of thought processes and
mental states and also looks at how these thought processes influence the way we understand and interact with the world.

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