jean piaget theory of cognitive development curriculum
JEAN PIAGET proposed an idea that helped revolutionize how we think about child development, he proposed one of the most influential theories of cognitive development,which seeks to describe and explain the development of thought processes and mental states and also looks at how these thought processes influence the way we understand and interact with the world. The theory states the steps and sequence of children’s intellectual development.
• The Sensorimotor Stage: From time between birth to age two during which an infant’s knowledge of the world is limited to his/her sensory perceptions and motor activities. Behaviours are limited to simple motor responses caused by sensory stimuli.
• The Preoperational Stage: From ages 2 to 6 during which a child learns to use language, children cannot understand concrete logic or mentally manipulate information and are unable to take the point of view of other people.
• The Concrete Operational Stage: From ages 7 to 11 during which children gain a better understanding of mental operations and begin thinking logically about concrete events, but have difficulty understanding abstract or hypothetical concepts.
• The Formal Operational Stage: A period between age 12 to adulthood when people develop the ability to think about abstract concepts.